History Of Pune City The Punya Nagari
Rulers of different dynasties have ruled Pune. Evidence found as copper plates of 758 AD and of 768 AD reveal that the Rashtrakootas ruled this region at that time. The Pune Gazetteer explains the term Pune as Punya – a holy place. Pune was ruled by the Yadava dynasty after the Rashtrakootas. Mughal rulers then ruled the city till the middle of the seventeenth century.
Pune became popular with the rise of Maratha ruler Shivaji. He spent his early childhood in Pune at Lal Mahal, a palace built by his father Shahaji, where Shivaji’s mother Jijabai lived for a decade. Aurangazeb’s uncle, Shahistekhan was defeated at Lal Mahal by Shivaji. Aurangazeb named Pune as Muhiyabad after the death of Shivaji in 1680. Pune again gained importance during the period of the second Peshwa Thorala (senior) Bajirao who ruled from 1720 to 1740. The palace of the Peshwas – Shaniwarwada was built during his time. Different Peshwas constructed various monuments. Nanasaheb Peshwa succeeded Thorala Bajirao Peshwa and ruled the Maratha kingdom from 1740 to 1761. He checked the aggressions of the Nizam and maintained peace. Nanasaheb Peshwa emphasized in urbanizing the Pune city and encouraged setting up of peths or wards in Pune. Nanasaheb Peshwa constructed Parvati Temple complex, which is known to be the pride of the Pune city.